|On-Line Bible Lessons|
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This chapter contains a record of the activities of the Lord.
1. Three days after Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist where did Jesus go, v. 2?
a. Who all was with Jesus, vv. 2, 3?
Notice that Jesus, though never married, had family responsibilities. We do not read any more of Joseph, the husband of Mary and Jesus' step-father, after the experience at the temple when Jesus was twelve years old, Luke 2:42-52. What we know of Jesus' life before his public ministry implies that he had the responsibility for his mother and younger brothers and sisters during his public ministry. He was thirty when he was baptized and thirty-three and a half years old when he was crucified. He knows about everything that we go through because he went through similar circumstances. (Heb. 4:15.)
2. What did Jesus do here, vv. 3-10?
a. What was this, v. 11?
b. We will see this many times. Why did Jesus do this, v. 11?
3. Who else did He have with Him? Compare vv. 2, 3 with v. 12.
V. 13. The Passover. It was started for Israel back in Exodus 12, and was the start of their new year (similar to our Jan. 1). Israel had been in Egypt as servants for many years. God will deliver them through the plagues. He will kill all of the first born male of the land of Egypt. God tells the people to take a lamb, kill it, and put the blood on the door post. Then when the death angel passes through the land, he will pass over every house that believed God and put the blood on the door post. As we read of this deliverance (Ex. 12:38), we see that many of the Egyptians believed God, and applied the blood. When they did, they also were spared from death, as was Israel.
This lamb spoke of the Lamb of God, Jesus (Jn. 1:29), who would one day come, shed his blood for the remission of sins. All who would believe in him would be delivered from eternal death (separation from God).
4. How long was the Passover to be observed, Exodus 12:24-28? (This was done yearly. How many years was it to be done?)
a. What is Christ for his people, 1 Corinthians 5:7?
At the time of the Passover, every male was to appear before God at Jerusalem where the temple was located. There would be millions of Jewish males (many with their families) present at that time. Jesus obeyed the instruction to be there, and went to Jerusalem, v. 13.
5. What did he find at the temple, v. 14?
a. What did he do, v. 15?
b. Why, v. 16?
c. Who gave him the authority to do this (Ps. 69:9), v. 16?
6. The Jews wanted a sign which would show them that Christ had the authority to throw out those who were misusing religion. What was the sign that Jesus said he would give them, proving his authority over the religion of Jehovah God and over his house, vv. 19-22?
The common people love what Jesus did. The leaders had greatly abused the people, and here Jesus was putting them in their place. He was doing miracles and the people loved it.
7. What did the people want to do when they saw he could not be controlled by these rulers and saw the miracles he did, (See Jn. 6:15), v. 24?
a. Why wouldn't he allow them to do this, v. 25?
The Jewish nation was looking for a physical king who would free them from their oppressors, Rome. They interpreted the prophesies in the Old Testament as promising a physical ruler who would establish his physical kingdom with a literal sword. Instead, Christ came to establish a spiritual kingdom, which we will see more of as we go along. The kingdom he established has a King (King Jesus), laws (The Commandments), and victory over the oppressor. That oppressor is identified as the world, flesh and the devil. (Ja. 3:15. Keep this in mind as we go to Jn. 3:3, 5.)
Here we have Jesus introducing himself to the world. He did this at a wedding. He chose a time of rejoicing to make his first public appearance. When the Lamb of God was introduced to the world it should have been a time of rejoicing. When the Holy Spirit of God introduces him to us and us to him it should be a time of rejoicing.
But it did not stop there. He moved from the rejoicing at the wedding to judgment at the temple. We should rejoice in our Lord, but let's remember he is also the righteous Judge. (Jn. 5:22.)