On-Line Bible Lessons


Gospel of John - Chapter Three

Pastor Ovid Need

NOTE: Time requires I leave in the minor errors, e.g., abbreviations in text, wrong abbreviations, mixed tenses in a sentence (though I have tried to catch all of them), caps, etc.

When placing in your answers for each question in the space provided, put ANS: before each answer. Capitalize, ANS:



This is probably one of the best known chapters in the Bible and many will recognize it as we go through.

A man of the Pharisees. We will see a great deal about the Pharisees in this book. They were a Jewish religious sect. They added many customs, traditions and false interpretations to the law of God, and then prided themselves over how much better they were than others around them. The Pharisees were the religious leaders of Christ's day. They controlled all the religious activity. As we will see, the big conflict that Christ had with these men was over the proper understanding of the law. The conflict was over who had the authority to give the proper understanding to the law. The Pharisees led in putting Christ to death.

1. What was this Pharisee's name, v. 1?


a. What did he do, v. 2?


There was not yet the big conflict between the Pharisees and Christ, but this man was not taking any chances being seen with Christ. Notice that he tried to "butter" the Lord up. (Are we afraid to be identified with Christ?)

2. What did Jesus tell him, v. 3?


This man had a problem understanding what the Lord said, so Christ explained it a little more. V. 5 could speak of the physical birth (of water), and then the spiritual birth (of the spirit). Or it could it be speaking of something.

a. To what is the word of God compared in Ephesians 5:26?


b. What must be present (or presented) before faith in the Lord Jesus Christ can be accomplished, Romans 10:17?


Thus we have two facts here: Jesus makes it clear that the water must first be used before there can be the New Birth. Next we see that the Holy Spirit only moves in response to the word of God. (Rom. 10:17.) What we do know from John 3:5 is that the water mentioned by the Lord IS NOT referring to baptism. Baptism is not necessary for salvation, Ephesians 2:8, 9.

3. Christ says almost identical words twice. What is a result of being born again, vv. 3, 5?


a. What is another result of being born again, 1 John 5:4?


(St. John, 1, 2, & 3 John and the Revelation were all written by the Apostle John.)

b. What was the purpose of the manifestation of the Son of God, Jesus (Manifestation= God taking on the form of flesh that He might dwell among men), 1 John 3:8?


c. What is another purpose of salvation, 1 Peter 1:18?


d. Salvation also does what, Colossians 1:13?


Thus we see the primary purpose of salvation is not eternal life (although this is a result), but it is a life of victory here in this life over everything which the world, flesh and devil might use to destroy us, (Jas. 3:15). As we mentioned in chapter 2, the Jews looked for (and are still looking for) a king to free them from their physical oppressor, the Roman empire. What they got was Jesus, who was sent to free his people from the oppression (slavery) of sin.

When they saw that he wasn't going to set up a physical kingdom, they crucified him.

This Pharisee, even though he was a teacher of the law, could not understand being born again. Christ tells him that it is a spiritual fact that can only be understood in the power of the Spirit. It is heavenly, 1 Corinthians 2:14.

4. Who is the only one who has seen the Father, heaven, and came to tell us about them, v. 13?


The serpent in the wilderness. This is found in Numbers chapter 21. The people sinned; God sent serpents in judgment for their sin. The serpents bit the people, and they died. God told Moses to make a brass serpent, put it on a pole, and then all who would look at that serpent would be healed.

Through Adam death passed upon all men. Therefore, all are dieing. God sent his only begotten Son, and as those dying "look" upon Him in faith and trust in what he did for them on the cross, they will also be healed, healed of their sin.

V. 15, we have the word believe again. This word means complete trust in, or reliance on—not just a belief in a historical fact. This believe involves total trust in the Saviour-Redeemer to pay the debt for our sin for us.

5. How long is everlasting, vv. 15, 16, 36?


6. Why did God send his Son to die in the place of the sinner, v.16 (Rom. 5:8)?


7. Why is a person condemned, vv. 18, 36?


8. Why do people NOT want to come to the light (Christ), vv. 19, 20?


The contrast is between darkness and light. Those who do evil (evil is anything apart from salvation and obedience to God's law-word) do not like the light (the word of God), for it exposes their evil. When a person is born again from above (converted), they enjoy doing the truth (the truth is the law of God, Ps. 119:142).

9. John the Baptist is speaking. Who did God send to speak his words, v. 34?


a. What has the Father given to the Son, v. 35?


10. Why is God angry at a person, v. 36?

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