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Gospel of John - Chapter Ten

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Pastor Ovid Need

NOTE: Time requires I leave in the minor errors, e.g., abbreviations in text, wrong abbreviations, mixed tenses in a sentence (though I have tried to catch all of them), caps, etc.

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This is another chapter which only a saved person can grasp. The Spiritual truth conformed herein is close to what chp. 6 contains, v. 26.

Jesus had healed the blind man on the Sabbath, upsetting the Jews—that is, the religious leaders and rulers. Under the Bible economy, both religious and civil authority was centered in the temple of God. Even though Judea was under the authority of Rome, Rome left a great deal of the governing power in the hands of these Jews. These Jews saw Christ as a threat to their own authority, both as undermining their place of authority in the eyes of the people and creating conflict with Rome who would view Christ as another king in rebellion against Rome.

These Jews cast the healed man out of the temple. Christ meets him and reveals to him that He is the Son of God. The man believes upon Him, and worshiped Him. Jesus tells the man that He came into the world for judgment. Some of the Pharisees hear Him, and asked Him if they are blind also. He answers them (9:41), and then goes on with chapter 10. He is speaking this parable (allegory) to the Pharisees, who are hostile over what He is doing, and over Him doing it in violation of their traditions. After all, if they allow Christ to violate their traditions then everyone else will also.

1. Christ, in this sermon, introduces the sheep, sheepfold, the door, and the good shepherd vs. the bad shepherds or the hirelings. Where is Christ located as He preaches this message, vv. 22, 23?



2. Who is the door, vv. 1, 7?



a. What does the sheepfold typify, vv. 10, 28; Jn. 3:3, 5?


b. Who is the good shepherd, v. 14?



c. Who would be the sheep, vv. 26-29?



3. Verses 1-10. The Lord plainly tells these hostile Jews that there is absolutely no way to be in the sheepfold apart from faith in Him. In fact, what does Jesus call those who would seek to enter the sheepfold apart from Him, v. 1?



4. What is the good shepherd going to do, vv. 11, 15 (See Isa. 53)?



a. What will the hireling do, vv. 12, 13?



1.) How would we define a hireling in light of today's situations?



Christ came first to the Hebrew (Jewish) nation, 1:11. Many people of the Jewish nations believed on Him or received Him (v. 42, etc.), but the leaders (therefore, the nation as a whole) rejected Him. Because they did, we see that the sheepfold was opened up to all who would answer His call and come to Him. Their nationality has nothing to do with the call to come to the Shepherd, v. 16.

5. Why does the Father love the Son (Ph. 2:8), v. 17?



This fits in with many other passages. The Son obeyed perfectly the Father's will even to this point. Perfect obedience here results in perfect love.

a. What else is promised here in v. 17?



Let us consider vv. 1-18 for a moment. Christ confronts these Jews—the rulers of the people of God—with the truth. The nation of Israel was considered the sheep of God. These leaders were considered their shepherds. Here the Lord once again exposes the innermost thought and intent of the heart as He confronts them with their motives. He tells them that they really do not care for the people, but rather they are in the position for the money and power. They are the hirelings He is talking about. If they were truly concerned about the people as they claimed to be, they would "give" themselves for the people of God. The same holds true today, and the leaders do not like it anymore today than they did then.

6. Notice an important point. Who was in charge of Christ's death (see also Acts 2:23-36), v. 18?



a. What kind of power did and does Christ have, v. 18?



b. Why did He have this kind of power, v. 18?



Verses 19-21, His words create division. Here is the charge again that He has a devil, yet His works prove that He is of God—the true unpardonable sin. Christ, in person, was here on earth. The Holy Spirit was doing mighty works through Him, yet these men claimed it was the devil doing the marvelous works. (See Matt. 12:31; Lk. 12:10.) V. 22, Jesus was walking in the temple at Solomon's porch. The Jews came to Him, wanting Him to clearly tell them if He is the promised Christ.

7. What does Jesus tell them, v. 25?



a. If they will not believe His words, what should they believe, v. 25?



b. Why would they not believe, v. 26?



c. What will his sheep do, v. 27?



Thus if a person does not do v. 27, we see one of two things. Either they are not His sheep or they are headed toward destruction (Matt. 7:24-29).

Another point which we must accept because God said it—Paul tells us in Romans 11:25 that blindness was upon the Jews, so they would reject Christ and kill Him, so that salvation would come unto the Gentiles.

8. What is promised to those who have come to Christ, v. 28?


a. Now we have a restatement of something we covered in chapter 6. When a person is in Christ, where else are they, v. 29?



b. We call this the doctrine of Eternal Security. What is promised here, v. 29?



The Jews did not like the statement of vv. 30, 31. The Lord confronts them with the question of v. 32. They answer with v. 33, and say they are wanting to kill Him for blasphemy.

V. 34 is a little difficult. "ye are gods," was an Old Testament term for rulers (the ones who interpreted God's law). It did not mean deity. (Ps. 82:6.) These people of God should have been rulers by obeying the will of God. (Dt. 28:31.) Now Jesus comes, obeying the will of God perfectly, claiming to be the Son of God, and they want to kill Him. He points out that according to the law, they also should be considered gods as a result of their position of instructing others in and their obedience to the law of God. Instead, they want to kill Him for His obedience to the One they call God. (The OT Jehovah God was not actually their God, or they would have received Christ and obeyed His commandments. Thus Christ had to say, "The one you call God," because the OT God was not their god.)

Verses 37, 38. He gives them permission to disbelieve Him if His works do not verify that He is the One sent from the Father. These Jews refuse to give up, but it is not time for His departure yet, v. 39.


Here we see again the dedication of the Lord to the Father's will. This dedication created great contention between Himself and the Jews, to the point of murder on their part. We also see that they could not lay a hand upon Him until His work was done. Here we see that as long as a person is seeking and doing God's will, he is indestructible. The enemy cannot touch nor harm him apart from God's permission.

Many of us go our own way, and then presume upon God to take care of us. Christ shows us that our safety lies in doing the will of the Father.

V. 41. "We see..." Our Lord tells us that those who believes they are really not that bad or that they have it "all together" are captive to their sins. We know of people who really do not see that they are too bad. They do not do this or that, and they treat others nice; therefore, they see no reason to be saved. They forget that their heart is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked... It is telling them, "Don't worry, be happy, everything is all right." These kind of people will wake up in hell.

This also applies to Christians who feel that they are okay, seeing no need in their lives for God to instruct or correct them. These kind of folks, many times, see no need to study God's word and pray for His grace and direction from His word for themselves. Or if they do study His word, it is so they can "instruct" others. They "see" many faults in others, but very few in themselves. (Mt. 5:1-5.)

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