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Gospel of John - Chapter Fourteen
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The supper is ended. Judas has gone out to betray Jesus. Now Jesus further instructs His disciples, preparing them for His departure (death). Of course, they are saddened that He is leaving them to go back to the Father.
1. We see that belief in God is not enough, v. 1. Who else believes in God, Ja. 2:19?
We have already discussed the word believe. Suffice it to say the word means a complete trust, reliance, confidence etc..
2. What did Christ go back to heaven to do for those who have believed upon Him, v. 2?
a. Because He did this, what else is He going to do, v. 3 (I Thess. 4:17)?
3. What are the three things that Jesus is here in, v. 6?
He tells them again that no one will see the Father and His Kingdom apart from being born again.
Vv. 7-11, is another restatement. All that a human can know about the Godhead (the TriUne GodGod the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit, I Jn.), is revealed in the Son.
4. V. 11, gives us another statement about His works. Why do His works prove that the Father sent Him, v. 10?
5. V. 12, why will His disciples do greater works than Christ?
6. To where did Christ ascend after His crucifixion and resurrection, Eph. 1:20-22?
a. What has been given to Christ, Matt. 28:19?
While He was here bodily on earth, He was restricted to a very localized area in and around Jerusalem. Now that He ascended to His throne of power, dominion and glory, His presence (through His Spirit, v. 17), is world-wide. Actually, the physical presence of Christ only "conquered" eleven menone of them was a devil. Then when things got really tight, the eleven fled. However, the command given to His followers in Matthew 28:19, 20, is to go conquer the world in His name by: 1) Preaching the gospel; 2) baptizing those who believe the gospel, and 3) teaching those converts (believers) the total of God's law-word... that is, teach them to obey God's total word and to apply it to every area of life and thought, occupation, society, politics, arts, sciences, music, education, every area of human endeavor one can name.
b. As His followers do this, what is the promise, Matt. 28:20 (see also Mk. 16:17, 18)?
Because Christ is ascended and He did send back His Spirit of promise and power, the message is now world-wide in scope, far greater than it was when He was here, which is only one aspect of this verse. (Christianity did conquer the world by 312 A.D. However, the world reconquered Christianity. It is time to take back all things for Him, 1 Cor. 10:31.)
7. What is promised in v. 13?
This promise must be kept within the context of v. 14 and chapter 15. As we will see from those passages, the requests of v. 13 is in accord with the will of the Father.
8. The Word of God is very practical, and does not leave anything to man's vain imagination. Now Christ identifies love; what is love identified with, v. 15, (15:10)?
Thus we see that love is not identified as an emotion, but as action. We are told to love God with all of our heart and to love our neighbor as ourselves. (Mk. 12:29, 30; Deut. 6:4.) Love is, accordingly, identified as a dedication to obey God's commandments toward Him (love God), and toward our fellow man (love our neighbor). The first four commandments of Exodus 20:1-11 gives our responsibility to God and the second six, vv. 12-17, gives us our responsibility to man. Love will do these things. Paul covered the responsibility toward our neighbor in 1 Cor. 13:1-8. Love will do God's word toward God and man regardless of how we feel. (See also Rom. 13:8-14).
Attached with v. 15 is vv. 16, 17. As we do v. 15, we will have the Spirit of Comfort. The more we live according to v. 15, the more comfort we will have from the Father by His Spirit, Jn. 7:17, etc.
a. The Lord does not leave any doubt in this matter. Who are the ones who love the Son, v. 21?
b. Who are the ones loved by the Father, v. 21?
c. Who are the ones who will have Christ manifest (made known) to them, v. 21?
d. What is the basic commandment which must be kept, Jn. 6:29?
We hear folks say, "I just don't feel God close to me." We are given here the reason folks do not "feel God close to them." God did not move; man moved away from obedience to His total word. The more we live in accord with His commandments, the more we will have His presence with us.
e. Who are those who do not love the Son and the Father, v. 24?
Note that words do not prove a thing. Actions prove our love, Ja. chap. 2.
V. 26 is directed primarily to the disciples; they were not taking notes as Christ spoke. Probably at the time the words were spoken, they had no thoughts of writing anything down. But after Christ left and sent back His Spirit, these men saw the necessity to write down what they saw and heard. (Jn. 21:24, 25.) Here is the promise to them that the spirit will give them the proper memory to pass on what they both saw and heard, as well as what these things meant. (Jn. 2:22.)
9. However, this passage certainly applies for our day: as we study God's word, the Spirit of God will bring to our memory what we need to know for each situation of life. What is the promise to His people in Ja. 1:5?
This promise is based in the word of God. Only as we study God's word can we expect Him to answer the prayer of James 1:5. That answer will be from the word of God, Ps. 119:97-104.
10. What does the Saviour promise in v. 27, (see Isa. 9:6)?
a. The world can pursue all of its plans from now until the end, but what only lies in store without the Saviour, Ja. 4:1-2?
The same goes for the individual. Nothing will fill that desire apart from the Saviour. Only as He reigns as Lord and Saviour will this be accomplished.
V. 28, the Lord tells His disciples that rather than being troubled at His departure (v. 1), they should rejoice because He is going to the Father. When He gets back to the Father, He will send to them the Spirit, who will enable them to do more (obey His commandments better) than they could do even while He was here. The result of better obedience to the word of God will be more blessings from the Father.
V. 29 restates 13:9. V. 30, He tells them that this is His last chance to talk with them, and give them their final instructions. As the Father instructed the Son, so the Son instructs His followers. The result will be the same type of love and unity that existed between the Father and the Son will now exist between the Son and His followers and between His followers and one for another.
What kind of unity exists between each of us and our brothers and sisters in Christ?
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