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Gospel of John - Chapter Ninteen
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We are in the middle of the two chapters that record the crucifixion of Christ. We saw last time that even though the Jews had been permitted self-government by their captors, Rome, they did not have the authority to put someone to death.
So they take Jesus before the Roman governor, Pilate, to get his permission to put Christ to death. Pilate questions what is going on, yet public pressure forces him to move. (See Isa. 53 for a complete description [prophecy] of what takes place here.)
1. What is the first thing Pilate does, v. 1?
Pilate now treats Christ like a condemned man. In doing this, he turns Christ Jesus to the soldiers to do with as they see fit. After all, the man is going to die soon, so they can now have their pleasure with Him.
a. How do the soldiers treat Him, vv. 2,3?
2. As we saw, Pilate is not really wanting to carry out Christ's death. He hopes that what has been done to Christ in vv. 1-3 will satisfy the Jews. Now he offers Christ to them again, desiring to do what, Lk. 23:20?
3. Remember, this is a hand-picked crowd gathered early in the morning. Who is making all the commotion for His death, v. 6?
4. Pilate says, "Okay, if you are so determined to kill Him, you go ahead, because I have found nothing worthy of death in Him. Let me whip Him some more and turn Him loose." (Lk. 23:22.) What do these wicked men shout back, v. 7?
In saying this, these Jews also admit there are no evil works in Him deserving death.
a. When Pilate hears this, he is even more concerned, and has more of a desire to release Christ. He returns to Christ to check these things out. How does Christ respond (Isa. 53:7), v. 9?
5. Pilate is amazed that Christ responds thusly and tries to "scare" Him into answering him with a "threat" of his power to kill or save alive. What does Christ then answer (we covered this extensively in chap. 18 and from Daniel), v. 11?
a. Who controls all events on earth, Prov. 16:33?
Now Pilate is more determined to release Christ. The Jews are more determined to kill Him. V. 14, the preparation of the passover. The timetable is somewhat confusing, so we will not go into it at this time. The Word of God is not confusing, but our understanding of it is. It is said this has all taken place between 6 and 9:00 A.M., with the crucifixion taking place about 9:00 A.M.
6. V. 15, we see the Jews (the chief priests) choosing an earthly king over the Heavenly King. The earthly kingCaesarpermitted their retention of power. The Heavenly King would not, which has been and will continue to be the choice for all ages. Who will be king over usChrist or Caesar? Who will mankind obeyman's authority (including ourselves), or God's authority (according to His revealed word). What choice did Peter make, Acts 5:29?
a. Who are we to fear, Matt. 10:28?
7. V. 16, Pilate delivers Jesus into the hands of those who hate Him to do with as they please. He did this not because of any guilt on Christ's part, but because of the pressure from these Jews. Why did Christ have to die like this, Isa. 53:3, 4?
Vv. 17-24, we see that everything taking place here had a purpose, fulfilling all Scriptures.
Vv. 25-27, as the first-born, Christ had the responsibility for His mother. He remembers and fulfills this responsibility even in His death. He delivers her to John (who is writing this book).
8. We see that Christ could not die under the beating (which lead to what is prophesied in Isa. 52:14). No man killed Christ. What had to happen before He could die, v. 30?
(See Ps. 22:14-18 for a further description of what took place here.)
9. How do the soldiers check to see if Christ is really dead, v. 34?
John, who later wrote this book, saw all of this take place. Therefore, he is writing from an eyewitness account.
Vv. 38-42, Joseph was one of the members of the council who had not consented to Christ's death. (Lk. 23:50, 51.) He asks for the body of Christ, and places it in his own new tomb. (Matt. 27:60.)
Chapter 19 ends with Christ dead and in the tomb. Matthew 27:62-66 tells us that the Jews went to Pilate, and asked for and received a guard and seal for Christ's tomb. This would be the saddest story on earth if it ended here, but it does not. (1 Cor. 15.)
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