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Gospel of John - Chapter Twenty
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We left Christ in the tomb at the close of the last chapter. This is where sinners would love to leave Him, just a dead man and a good (or bad) memory. Sad to say, some Christians live like Christ is still in the tomb and they will never have to account to Him for their actions according to the law of God. See 2 Cor. 5:10 and I Jn. 3:4.
1. Who were the first ones to the tomb, Mk. 16:1; Lk. 23:55-24:10?
a. Why were they here at the tomb, Lk. 23:56; 24:1?
b. V. 1, had been concerned about getting the stone rolled away. What did they find at the tomb, Jn. 20:1?
c. We would think that the disciples would have been the first to the tomb. What kind of a response did these women get when they told the disciples what took place, Lk. 24:10, 11?
d. Which disciples went to see what had taken place, Jn. 20:3, 4?
e. What did they see when they looked in the tomb, vv. 6, 7?
Note: We hear of a burial shroud and the argument as to whether or not it is authentic. As we compare that one piece shroud with the Word of God in v. 7, we see that the shroud could not be the burial cloth of Christ.
2. What had been hidden from the disciples, v. 9?
3. What were these disciples told, Lk. 24:5?
The disciples left, but Mary remained. She looked into the tomb, and saw two angels. They asked her, "Why are you weeping?" (Those who were here at the tomb had been told already that He was no longer dead.) Mary answers that she fears someone has stolen Christ's body.
4. Mary turns around and who does she see, v. 14?
a. Who does she think He is, v. 15?
(Here we see that Christ was not unusual in the appearance of His day. In other words, the long haired male, portrayed as Jesus today, is the figment of someone's imagination.)
b. He speaks to her, and what does she realize, v. 16?
(As we have seen many times, Christ must speak to a person before they can realize who He is.)
c. Mary wants to touch Christ, but what does He tell her, v. 17?
1.) Why not?
As we saw at the very start of this study, Christ was the Lamb of God. His blood had to be shed for the sins of His people. (Isa. 53.) Christ was (is) also the High Priest for His people. Christ, as the sinless Sacrifice, had to be slain. The blood of that Sacrifice had to be presented before the Father. Christ, as the High Priest, had to present that blood. Mary meets Him here between the sacrifice (the shedding of His blood), and the ascension to present that blood before the Father. The book of Hebrews presents this. (See Heb. chap.10.)
Moreover, we should also mention here that we are to get about the risen Lord's work. The time of "hanging on" is over. Let us be about the Master's business.
d. V. 27, after Christ presents this blood, what does He encourage Thomas to do.
e. V. 18, what does Mary do?
f. When the disciples heard this, how did they respond, Mk. 16:11?
1.) The angel had told the women to go tell the disciples. The Lord meets them on their way. What do these women do, Matt. 28:9?
Needless to say, His resurrection presents some problems for His enemies. In Matthew 28:11-16, we see how they handled this difficult situation concerning Christthey paid off the guards, and lied about the facts. The antichrist crowd has not changed their tactics sincelies and coverups are common practices in the wicked's vain attempt to stamp out Christ, His Word and His people.
The disciples were assembled later that day, hiding out of fear. After all, the wicked had framed their Master and killed Him. No doubt, the disciples felt that the only reason the Jews had not killed them also was because of the Sabbath and there was not time. They probably expected the Jews to continue with their war against Jesus and His disciples, themselves.
5. What does the risen Christ do, v. 19?
a. They are troubled and worried. What is the first thing Jesus says to them, v. 19?
1.) Then what does Jesus say to them, Mk. 16:14?
b. What does He do to show them that they are not seeing a spirit, Lk. 24:39-43?
6. The disciples are glad that He is alive. But just being glad that He is alive will do them no good nor will it do society any good. Therefore, what does Christ do, v. 21?
a. What did the Father send the Son to do, Isa. 61:1?
1.) Therefore what are the disciples to do, 2 Tim. 2:2?
(As we will see, this command was not restricted to the Apostles.)
7. What did Christ do, v. 22?
8. Thomas was not present when the Lord appeared to the disciples. Now the Lord appears to Thomas. After Thomas sees for himself, what does he say to Christ, v. 28?
Note: Not only is Christ God, but Christ is Lord; He is Owner, Master and King; He is every name we can name denoting power, authority and ruler. (See Acts. chap. 2.) This really upset the Jews. They thought they got rid of their trouble-maker who was challenging their authority. Now they get a risen Lord who they can not touch, and who is in the place of all authority. (Eph. 1:21, 22.)
In conclusion: Christ remained here on earth for some time. 1 Corinthians 15:5, 6, points out that the risen Christ is one of the best authenticated facts of all history. People must choose (as did the Jews, Matt. 28:11-16) to deny who Christ is and what He did.
While He remained here on earth, He did many marvelous things, of which John only recorded a few.
9. Why does John give us the record as he does of what Christ did, v. 31?
John makes a significant point here and in 21:24, 25: The Word of God is not given to satisfy idol curiosity. Rather, it is given to show man his sinful condition and how he got into that condition. He shows man how to get out of that condition through Christ. Then He shows man his responsibilities to live and please God. Attempting to use the Word of God for more than its purpose can lead to some major difficulties and false doctrines.
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